About the Oak that is turned into Dowels: Oak (Red Oak Group) Most red oak comes from the Eastern States. The sapwood is nearly white and roughly 2 to 5 cm (1 to 2 in.) wide. The heartwood is brown with a tinge of red. Wood of the red oaks is heavy. Rapidly grown second growth wood is generally harder and tougher than finer textured old-growth wood. The red oaks have fairly high shrinkage upon drying.The red oaks are primarily cut into lumber, railroad crossties, mine timbers, fence posts, veneer, pulpwood, and fuelwood. Ties, mine timbers, and fence posts require preservative treatment for satisfactory service. Red oak lumber is remanufactured into flooring, furniture, general millwork, boxes, pallets and crates, agricultural implements, caskets, wooden ware, and handles. It is also used in railroad cars and boats.
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